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針對2016年5月7日口語預測超級小范圍(18題)

2016-05-04 10:55

來源:

作者:新東方北美研發中心

口語第一題:

NO.1

Task1:
In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a good school?

NO.2

Task 1: In your opinion, what are some things a student can do to deal with homesickness.

NO.3

Task1:

人生最艱難的是哪段時間?兒時,青年還是成年。

NO.4

Task 1

描述下你想去的restaurant或者cafe需要具有什么qualities.

NO.5

Do you think it’s a good idea for students to work for a year before entering university?

NO.6

Describe a person whom you would like to spend time with. Explain why you would like to spend time with this person.

NO.7

Describe the most important accomplishment of your country in the past 25 years. Explain why this accomplishment is important. Please include details and examples in your response.

NO.8

What is your favorite outdoor place to exercise on a nice day?

NO.9

說說你寫paper,試驗阿什么的帶來的好處(好像是這個題目,可以說很多事例,因為是第一個題,隨意性大)

NO.10

在醫院做volunteer,是喜歡和病人聊天,讀書給病人聽,照顧病人親屬

NO.11

Who should be paid more: a nurse, a teacher, or an officer?

NO.12

描述你覺得最重要的物品(Describe an object that is the most important to you),并說明如何得到的和為什么重要。

NO.13

Describe a day you enjoy most or most special for you

NO.14

Describe a tool or an object that you rely on often in your daily life. Explain why it is important to you. Include reasons and examples to support your response.

NO.15

Your friend is considering getting a new pet. What kind of animal would you suggest and what advice will you give him?

NO.16

The university acts as a venue for three kinds of student activities:

- Concerts performed by students

- Drama acted out by theater students

- Lectures given by a well-known professor

Which one do you prefer? Use details and examples to explain.

NO.17

在這一百年之內有很多發明,說一個你覺得對你生活改變最大的.

NO.18

在學校里喜歡什么活動What activities do you like to do at school?

口語第二題:

NO.1

Task2:

是不是該要求富人出錢幫助別人

NO.2

Task 2: Some people prefer to collect old things, while others prefer to throw things away after they’re finished with them. Which do you prefer and why?

NO.3

S2

你喜歡有很多經驗的老師 還是沒有經驗的老師。

NO.4

Task 2

有些城市鼓勵保留老建筑,有些城市鼓勵用新建筑代替老建筑,問你的觀點,并解釋.

NO.5

Some people prefer team sports, while others prefer individual sports. Which do you prefer?

NO.6

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should always study in quiet places.

NO.7

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the most important teachers of their children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

NO.8

Some people like to take a break or get a job during summer vacation. Others prefer to enroll in a summer course. Which do you prefer and why?

NO.9

Some people prefer to live in old buildings. Others prefer to live in new and modern buildings. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

NO.10

你比較喜歡job with communication ,還是不喜歡個人打交道的工作

NO.11

People often will watch movies or television shows with their families and friends. Some prefer to remain quiet until the end of the movies or shows, while others prefer to discuss with family members and friends while watching. Which do you prefer? Use details and examples to explain.

NO.12

有的大學強制上外語課,有的強制上計算機課。你認為哪個更重要?

NO.13

Some universities expect students to choose their major when they enter university. Others let students wait until the second or third year. Which do you think is better and why?

NO.14

Some people prefer to solve a challenge all by themselves. Others prefer to depend on other people's help. Which do you prefer and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.

NO.15

Do you agree or disagree: it is more enjoyable to read fictional literature than those of non-fiction.

NO.16

有些人覺得在大學的學習是很重要的,有的人覺得它并不怎么重要,你的觀點?

NO.17

Do you like to study alone or with others?

NO.18

Do you agree or disagree with the statement that it’s important for students to study Art and Music in school. Explain your answer in details.

口語第三題:

NO.1

S3

Passage 一個letter關于教學樓內improvement proposal. 一是在每層樓多設 power plug. 二是每層樓設打印機。

Conversation:男生同意這個建議。第一條他說現在很多學生都有laptop. 舉了個自己的例子,說他帶laptop 去上課,但沒電了,他找不到power plug, 跑了很遠充電。第二條是學生有可能在課間完成assignment, 需要打印。

NO.2

Task 3

jazz band 要在 afternoon 在校園的 lawn concert woman 不滿意 因為 1. 學生要學習, 會打擾,evening 更好 2. 很多人聚堆會踏壞草坪

The jazz band is going to hold free concerts on the lawn on campus in the afternoon.

The woman disagrees with it.

Reason 1: Students study in the afternoon, so concerts will disturb them. It’s better to have concerts in the evening.

Reason 2: Too many people standing on the lawn will destroy it.

NO.3

Task3:

學校要建個休息室給不住學校的學生用,可以放書,有locker,放一些bus schedule。男生不同意一:住學校的同學也需要,因為宿舍很遠。圖書館已經有locker,不需要再建。二:沒必要專門為放bus schedule建休息室,網上電話都可以查。

NO.4

報紙出通知:新生統一住校,原因有二:一是向學生提供建立學習小組的機會;二是緩解校園停車場的壓力。     

女的不同意:一,.她拿自己舉例,根本沒有因為住校而建立學習小組;二,新生住校非但不能緩解停車場的壓力,反而會因為更多的學生住校帶來更多的長時間霸占車位的現象而造成車位短缺加劇。

NO.5

Reading:

Suggestion: University should allow freshmen to part their cars on campus.

Reason 1: it’s easier for them to find a job

Reason 2: they can drive home at weekends

Listening:

The woman disagrees.

Reason 1: freshmen are super busy with their study, it’s unnecessary for them to find a job

Reason 2: driving home at weekends will only make them more homesick and make it harder for them to settle in the new environment

NO.6

2survey

estimation survey(好像是這個詞)就是估算了,舉例:公司調查停車位,只要大概了解多少員工就可

B.精確survey(原詞忘記了),舉例:學校調查有多少老師教science,就需要精確數字

NO.7

The letter proposes the school should open classes outside the classroom because good scenery will make the students focus and avoid boredom and the school has installed some benches and seats outside.

The student disagrees with the proposal.

First, there are too many distractions outside. Students will be distracted when friends are passing through.

Second, there aren’t enough seats available, it’s inconvenient for students to take notes if they have to stand there.

NO.8

閱讀:停止爵士合唱團,因為感興趣的人少,沒有必要繼續了

聽力:女人覺得真不好。

理由一:主要是因為平時訓得太勤了,導致很多學生不來了

理由二:沒有其他選擇了,很多是經典,但不是爵士,女人不喜歡,其他學生也不喜歡。

NO.9

口語三:學校報社計劃推出一個pro-peeringproject,即,在學生提交Paper前,報社人員幫助同學修改,有利于balabala

女生覺得 不好, 1)報社人員也是學生,不一定給出什么好建議。

2)即使好建議, 也不利于學生的長遠發展, 還是培養獨立意識比較好。

NO.10

閱讀:【公開信】:小報上刊登了來自一個學生的公開信. 倡議大學應該to build an electronic board (電子告示板)at student center.

好處: 1. make student get information about coming up events easily rather than acquiring news at different places on campus by posters.

(之前使用貼在校園各處的海報不一定能讓所有人看見,而這個電子告示板在固定的位置,學校的人來來往往能看見,信息覆蓋面很大)

2. 學校也會更整潔,因為墻上沒海報了

聽力:【學生議論】:男學生覺得這主意interesting, 女生反對這個計劃.

理由:

It is better to get news from different locations on campus because

1. they are everywhere (more than one place). If they do not go to student center, they will miss the notice. 舉了她在圖書館看到海報,所以didn't miss a show / concert的例子.

電子告示板不一定能夠像預想的那樣,讓那么多人獲取信息,因為很多人不愿意花時間特意經過電子告示板來看有什么新的消息。舉例:她自己上周五去了圖書館看到海報,所以didn‘t miss a show / concert,如果沒有去過就看不到了,所以一個信息不能只在一個地方發布。

2. Even though the new bulletin board was estabilished, students will still do posters because of it is convenient (沒有人會提交information, 然后再等它post出來)

question:explain the woman’s opinion towards the suggestion and why she holds that opinion.

NO.11

S3閱讀:是說學校決定把每個班級的人數從8人增加到15人。原因是有更多的學生apply這些課程,但是學校的faculty有限。

 

聽力;男同學的意見:1、增加人數減少了communication with faculty,降低了小課堂的參與程度

       2、既然有更多的學生,就可以獲得更多的錢,就可以請更多的faculty解決了人力不足的問題。簡言之就是 more students, more money, more faculty

 

問題是:學校作出了怎樣的決定,男同學的意見是什么?

NO.12

大學要建藝術教學樓,女生同意,因為新樓寬敞明亮,有助于創作;對教授的聲譽又有好處,因為校外一樓的修建,導致人們紛紛去那個樓去學藝術。

NO.13

Reading: Only qualified students have the right to work at the computer center. There are 3 reasons for this, but they are irrelevant to the speaking part.

Listening:

Man: I don't think it works.

Reason:

1There should be a minimum grade requirement. How do you decide if a student is qualified enough? The university should offer a computer repair course. (這個地方我不是很確定)

2Even when prospective students' pass the minimum grade requirement, they should only be allowed to handle situations that aren't overly complicated.

NO.14

Reading Part:

Nowadays, college newspaper hires students from different majors to write for them articles. In the future, they should only hire journalism students to write. This way they can deal with students who are actually interested in news and have more articles completed.

Listening part: Disagree

1) Students in other majors may also be interested in writing news pieces, so the school should encourage those students to write for college newspaper as well. Take this history major for example. He wants to enter the news industry in the future.

2) Having more articles isn't important. There is no point in having too many articles coming in, because the newspaper may not have the resources and time to deal with editing so much writing. The process of preparing an article is complicated, as it includes the efforts of both the editors and the writers. There is a lot of back and forth between those who write and those who review and edit.

NO.15

 Task 3

【學生寫信】:

學生寫信建議學校的劇院演出應該向所有人免費開放。

好處1:當地居民能夠得到free entrainment;

好處2:觀眾多了演員會演的更有熱情。

【學生態度】:男生贊成此建議。

理由1nearby沒有什么theater, 來回的交通費加上演出費很貴。開放學校劇院能讓當地居民不用跑很遠就能欣賞到professional的演出;

理由2:男生自己作為一個actor, 覺得觀眾多可以給他鼓勵。舉例說當表演一段幽默戲的時候,底下只坐了一半人,沒什么人笑,會影響表演質量。相反,要是人多,反響熱烈,表演也更有勁了。

QuestionExplain the man’s opinion and why he holds that opinion.

NO.16

閱讀:一個學生給的提議,說學校地上垃圾多,張貼畫也臟,多。提議學生組成volunteer,分組拾垃圾。

聽力中兩個學生討論,一個女生就不同意,她說:臟要看情況,我們學校這么大,人這么多。剛掃干凈,又會有垃圾,張貼畫,你撕了人家再貼,也是一樣的,而且學生到學校是學習的,不是做志愿者的。真要干凈校園,學校要雇人,花錢叫專人來干。

NO.17

閱讀建議:在學生宿舍中增加kitchen. 理由1)give an alternative to eating。理由2)having fun to prepare and eat with friends

聽力觀點:男學生同意該提議。理由1)學校餐廳的飯不好吃,如果有食堂就有了另外一個選擇。理由2)除了有樂趣以外,還能在準備飯的同時彼此互相學習。

NO.18

3.proposal of adding seats in the Andreson Theater

要求概括這個proposal以及一個女生的反對。

A.seats不夠,很多show是學生們想去但買不了票的-反對:只有少數是這樣,大部分show都有位子,所以沒需要加seats

B.學校能通過更多位子賣更多票增加收入-反對:收入個毛,這是big investment, construction cost a lot, 而且take years去收回老本。

口語第四題:

NO.1

Task4:

priming:人們早先的經歷會影響他們對事物的interpret

  例子:如果一個男生,上車并且打開notebook 然后寫東西:

  一個女人早上遇到大學同學,就回想起大學生活。所以她認為這個男生是學生并且在work for classes work for due paper

一個女人剛剛讀完詩歌,所以她認為男生是詩人。

NO.2

Task 4:

anticipated emotion。人們采取行動之前會對自己做了這個事情之后會有一個怎樣的心情有一個估測,然后根據這個估測決定自己是不是要做那件事。lecture 里,教授舉例子說有一次去給妹妹買生日禮物,發現一件很想買的 jacket,但是買了 jacket 之后就只能給妹妹買很便宜的小禮物,于是他就想如果真的買了 jacket 的話他肯定會很愧疚,所以最后決定還是不買了

Anticipated emotion: Before doing something, people will anticipate the kind of emotion they might have after doing it, and therefore decide whether they will do it or not based on the emotion.

Example: The professor went to buy his sister a birthday present, but saw a jacket he really wanted. If he bought the jacket, he would have to buy a cheaper present for his sister. Then thought about how he would feel if he had bought the jacket and thought he would feel guilty, so he decided not to buy the jacket.

NO.3

Task 4

Marketing

  Reading material:廣告最常用的訴求策略就是affiliationa sense of being member of certain group.就是群體歸屬感。經常表現為兩種方式:做對的事,成為群體一員;做錯的事,被群體拋棄。

  Listening material:廣告商經常采取的營銷策略,就是品牌歸屬感訴求。舉某種蘇打水Suda為例。

  要么是一群男女,燈紅酒綠,都喝同一種品牌的Suda水,這意味著,喝這種品牌,就能享受共同的happy

  要么是一個人boy在酒吧里,燈紅酒綠,他開了一瓶Suda,但很不幸是錯的品牌brand,突然間全場安靜,朋友moving away,就是因為他開了錯的Suda,就被群體孤立。

  問題:描述affiliation,及教授的內容。

  答案:The Reading material gave the definition of affiliation, that is……It manifests in two ways:…

  In the listening material, the professor keeps on talk about it by introducing two examples:…

NO.4

dormancy這一概念,閱讀材料講到冬眠的涵義:幫助渡過惡劣環境;降低自身生理能耗。                    

聽力材料里professor講述了一個肺魚的例子:在河水干涸之后魚就躲在河床上之前就打好的洞里,這樣一方面可以隔熱、保濕,另一方面可以降低呼吸、心跳頻率。

NO.5

口四:報dormancy這一概念,閱讀材料講到冬眠的涵義:幫助渡過惡劣環境;降低自身生理能耗。                    

聽力材料里professor講述了一個肺魚的例子:在河水干涸之后魚就躲在河床上之前就打好的洞里,這樣一方面可以隔熱、保濕,另一方面可以降低呼吸、心跳頻率。

NO.6

Reading part:
【名詞解釋】:
backward framing事后重塑
消費者嘗試一種新產品后會做出評價,如果不喜歡,可以通過廣告改變其記憶,使記憶趨向積極的一面。
Listening part:
【教授舉例】:
Professor舉例說,他們提供了coffee sample給一組愿意接受市場調查的人喝,在他們不知情的狀況下加了鹽和醋,喝起來味道會怪怪的。喝完coffee后,給他們看了一組廣告,廣告里人們坐在一起喝咖啡,很happy并且還面帶微笑。因為看了廣告,所有人都還是跟廣告里面的人一樣評價說這咖啡很棒。
Question:用聽力的例子來解釋對這個概念的理解。

NO.7

natural consequence 閱讀講的小孩做錯事,大人口語不用懲罰,由著做錯事的結果來懲罰孩子。 聽力,教授給了個例子,教授5歲的女兒經常把玩具放在后院,平常教授都幫女兒收拾。 一天女兒還是把玩具放在后院,教授沒有幫收拾,那天晚上下雨,把她的玩具損壞了,女兒在這件事后認識到自己的錯,以后再也不幫玩具放后院

NO.8

4.大學旁邊住房問題,rent,聽力里的woman完全不同意,大概說了3個原因(我是說了3).1.貼廣告不一定能和需要系的人2.rent相比其他學校已經很低3.一些學生喜歡在summer住在學校附近(這個跟新policy怎么聯系上的,忘記了) 問題就是summary reasons.

NO.9

4. Reading part: Priority Effects

environment before the other species come and avoid them to utilize the habitat.

Listening part:

alter the

?Priority effects occur when a species that arrives first at a site impacts a species that arrives

?later by reducing the availability of space or resources. The species coming first may

There’s a kind of small ants(文中始終未給出該螞蟻名稱), when they first arrive a new habitat, say an “askentia() tree”, their unique habit is to eat part of the tree which produces nectar, because they don’t rely on it. They are altering the environment before any other species come.

There is a kind of bigger ants, they’re more aggressive and can easily occupy the trees as they want, and can force the smaller ants to leave. However, they rely on the nectar produced by “askentia” tree very much. So the smaller ants stop the tree producing nectar to avoid the bigger ants to take up the tree, so that they can stay living there.

How does the example in the listening part explain the concept of priority effects?

NO.10

閱讀:【課文要點】: Negative Ideation: a method used by people to resist desires by adding something negative. 就是說通過聯系不好的情況來resist壞東西,幫人解決壞習慣.Brood parasites(孵育寄生動物): animals that use a unconventional tactic to let other animals hatch their offspring for them.

就是說通過聯系不好的情況來resist壞東西,幫人解決壞習慣。即 make negative associations with the thing, 這樣就可以讓這個東西變得less appealing and more resistible。教授用一個自己的例子解釋。

聽力:【教授舉例】: 教授舉的他自己戒除巧克力的例子. 教授很喜歡loves chocolate bar because it is tasty, 但吃太多不好. But chocolate is not good. So he used the method of negative ideation to refuse chocolate. 后來Whenever he wanted to buy chocolate bar he would think it is associate with mud which is the mixture of dirt and water, reduce the temptation, 就戒了he stopped buying.

教授舉例他以前很喜歡吃巧克力,但是過高的糖分讓他過于肥胖。為了戒掉巧克力,讓自己更健康,他采取了這種technique,他把巧克力切成小碎末然后拍了一張照片。他想象巧克力是mud做的,這樣逐漸他就覺得巧克力很惡心,后來就戒掉了。

question:用聽力的例子解釋對negative ideation的理解

NO.11

閱讀:動物有固定的patterns of behavior

  

聽力:1、一種小魚:male fishdo attack dance to the finish entering its territory 而且是有red mark的,如果沒有red mark就不會

   2goosefemale鵝生過蛋后會move its head back and forth,但是當它的eggmoved away 以后,它仍然這樣

 

問題是:講一講什么是動物的這種慣性行為(文中用了縮寫,好象是AFS 還是FAS記不清了),然后講講lecture中間的例子如何證明的。

NO.12

廣告應該忠實于產品的功能,但是現在的廣告為了達到吸引顧客的目的,紛紛引用名人說的話,這樣可能會誤導消費者(quote out of context)。聽力的例子是電影,電影開場前,打的廣告是引用名人的話,但是電影播放后結果確實是很不好。

NO.13

Task4:

文章:一個proposal, 建議學校拿出一部分activity budget給學生參加 academic conferences.

男生:覺得這個建議不好,有兩點原因:1) 活動經費應該就給那些原來intended for的活動,比如cultural activities, extracurricular activities,   for example, concerts. 2) 學校其他的academic departments 已經有給學生參加學術會議的經費預算,學生只要申請,教授會決定是否給錢讓學生去開會。

要求:summarize proposal, 然后說男生的評價

NO.14

閱讀:

  內在原因,當人們找事情原因時,找自己的原因叫內在原因。它可能會讓人失去自信,也可以自我鼓勵更加努力。

  聽力:

教授舉例:自己在汽車公司管理銷售,第一個星期很落后,跟不上進度,找自己的原因,覺得是自己的效率不高,不夠有條理,所以改進的方法,最后提高了效率。

NO.15

TASK4

閱讀解釋概念:internal attribute: 將事物發生的原因歸結自己的內在問題,而不是外界因素。

聽力教授舉自己的例子解釋這個概念。具體為:該教授青少年時期在一家公司工作,負責整理文件。他遇到困難總是不能及時完成工作。該教授沒有抱怨老板也沒有抱怨工作太多而是想辦法提高自己的能力。最后教授提高自己的能力,能按時完成工作,變得非常擅長自己的工作。

NO.16

4. internal competition

reading passage:

companies have some successful products 占據市場;但它們會introduce new products, 于是consumers 不買舊的買這個公司新的了。所以internal competition 意味著同個公司內部new products 搶了established productsprofits, 簡單來說就是公司內部自己的新舊產品之間競爭。 但這是沒辦法的,必須引進新產品,因為新產品才能和別的公司競爭

lecture:

教授說自己當教授前是一個automobile公司的總監之類的,他們公司之前有個top sellsmall cars, 長得不好看但實用安全。后來別的公司的車挺時尚的,于是他公司為了競爭也產了一款新的more stylish的車。于是他公司的擁躉不買舊款買新款了。但這是必須的,因為為了come up with 其他公司,與其他公司競爭

NO.17

Task4:

Reading:

一個關于經濟學的定義: xxx externality 定義:可能人們并沒有明確的requirement,不是但是確因為其它的事情擦產生的一種interaction.

Listening:

教授舉例:一個公司要換掉他們的old buses. 但是他們不想單純的換一批一模一樣的new buses.因為fossil fuel相當的污染環境.問題是他們又沒有足夠的錢去弄一批用電發動的bus.于是他們寫了信給政府,政府覺得這樣可以幫助改善環境,于是答應了給錢給他們.所以這個城市的市民就受益了,因為他們所生活的地方環境被改善了.

Question: Explain the definition of xxx externality, how the example in the listening passage prove the definition given by the reading passage?

NO.18

Reading:

Task partitioning - insects use their own specialized methods to accomplish tasks by dividing the work into separate groups.

Listening:

The professor gives an example of leaf-cutting ants.

Group1: climbs trees and picks up leaves.

Group2: cuts the leaves into small pieces, making them easier for transport.

Group3: brings the leaves back to the nest.

In this example, the groups can finish each of their tasks independently.

口語第五題:

NO.1

Task 5

對話。

  女生:遇到麻煩了。校報一個寫movie review的家伙叫Jack(聽個大概,音)要回家去,這期不能寫專欄了,我很頭痛。

  男生:你找別人寫一篇唄,現在好寫手很多。

  女生:我怕觀眾不認同,會unsatisfied.

  Jack 的專欄已經有些年頭了,大家都熟悉了

  男生:要不,你就找一篇他的舊文章貼上去,關于movie啊,DVD啊,music啊。。

  女生:舊文章。。。。這個。。。那就不是新的movie review 了呀。

  男生:舊文章也挺好,正好幫助那些周末打算租碟的人選擇;也是他自己的風格,不用害怕別人拍磚。。。

  女生:這個。。。我再想想。

  注意:這個是我復述出來的,簡單,原文的信息很雜,而且啰唆。

NO.2

S5

修路啦,女的開車上學不方便了。要不就坐火車吧,能在車上學習,還是花很長時間。要不就住學校邊上吧,要花錢的啊。咋辦?

NO.3

Task 5

男的要去旅游但是數碼相機丟了。S1:買個新的,但貴,買了后旅游用的錢就少了,不過以后能用的到;S2:借朋友Jack的,但怕弄壞或丟了。

Problem: The man is going on a trip but he lost his camera.

Solution 1: He can buy a new camera. It will be good for future use, too, but it’s expensive and he will have less money for the trip.

Solution 2: He can borrow Jack’s camera, but he’s worried he might break it or lose it.

NO.4

Task5:

問題:audition concert同晚

 1 go to the first part of the concert and go to the audition

 評論:花了很多錢買門票,但是會準時到達

 2 go to ad. at another day

 評論:另外的ad只選小部分演員

NO.5

Task 5

Problem: The band that’s supposed to come to perform in the university got a scheduling problem and now they can’t come.

Solution 1: Hire another band

Pro: The show will still be on time

Con: The students may not like the new band

Solution 2: Hire the old band and postpone the performance

Pro:/

Con: People will be busy with the finals next week, it’s hard to say if a lot of people will come

NO.6

5:

【室友困難】:室友掛了整墻的畫,但很丑且占地方,不過直說又會造成對室友的打擊。

 

【解決方案】:

一男一女討論對策,對策有二:一是忍氣吞聲,慢慢習慣;二是告訴她真實想法,希望她畫點別的。

【問題】:Briefly summarize the problem and two possible solutions. Then state which solution you recommend and explain why.

NO.7

5

【學生困難】:一女生的part time jobworking with young,然后計劃下周要帶一群孩子去參觀science museum,但向導tour guy生病了very sick。于是女生沒辦法帶孩子去了。
【解決方案】:兩個方案:
女生說出方案1、女生自己帶孩子們去參觀博物館。但女生擔心自己沒向導懂得多,沒向導解說得好。
男生說出方案2、換個時間再去參觀reschedule her time。但女生說換時間的話,又要和博物館重新預約,又要從家長那里拿permission,還要arrange tickets
問題:選擇誰的idea好。

NO.8

5

The man’s problem is that he left his keys in the dorm and he forgot to take his paper with him, which should be handed in today. He’s roommate was in another city now. There are two solutions for him. First, he should tell the professor but his paper was regarded late. Second, he could ask the administrator of the dorm to open the door but it would cost him 15 dollars.

NO.9

5.音樂會什么,因為要下雨,2solutions, woman:貼告示說移到下星期,man:雖然下雨會wet但是氣溫還warm,而且聽眾可能不介意, woman又說:但是大家可能看到外面要下雨就打消來的年頭了,問題:總結2solutions

NO.10

5

男生要打印東西,但是他要去學校和不方便,兩個方法,1 從同學那買個二手的打印機,但是比較容易壞,并且打印效果不好,2 買新的,貴,但是男生還有兩年畢業,可以買個新的也比較值

NO.11

5

Man's Problem: He has a study group tomorrow with other students for a physics exam, but there is a presentation on writing novels held at the same time.

Possible Solutions:

1) Attend the study group:

- Can't change the time since other students aren't free at other times.

- It's better to study with them because they are better at physics than he is, and he has some materials that he doesn't fully understand. (Communicating by email isn't helpful)

- Can read the article and listen to the recording on the presentation afterwards.

2) Go to the Presentation:

- He is passionate about writing and really wants to go.

- The writer giving the presentation may not come to his university again

- Reading the article on the event website is not the same as listening to the presentation in-person.

- The man can study on his own. The other members in the study group said he could email them if he had questions.

NO.12

口語五:女生室友忘帶冬季外套讓她開車到機場送, 她去, 時間太長;不去又不好, 況且她室友最近幫了她的忙。

她室友還說自己可以去借什么的。

NO.13

Task5:

一個女生生病了,不想外出,但是她是youth centervolunteer,應該帶一幫小孩子去zoo看動物。兩種解決辦法,方法一是reschedule去動物園的時間,但這是一個special exhibit of 一種老虎,孩子們會很喜歡,而且是最后一天,不去很可惜。方法二是讓另外一個志愿者Megan代孩子們去,但是Megan自己要復習物理課內容參加考試,女生覺得讓朋友做出這種犧牲自己過意不去。

要求:讓考生描述情況和解決辦法,并推薦一個選擇一個方案還要說理由

NO.14

S5

woman收到一個去marine researchoffer,但是給的錢不夠她去交下學期的tuition. man說:1explain to them and ask for more moneywomen怕他們收回offer);2take a part-time jobwoman說怕時間不夠太累) 問題是:這個女生的Dilemma是什么,你認為應該怎么做,為什么?

NO.15

Task5:

男生向女生抱怨自己剛才正在做research project,結果不小心erased his data(刪掉了數據),而且沒有copy。女生提出了兩點possible solution:給emergence打電話,讓他們來修理,因為有晚間服務,但是男生說太貴。女生于是建議向教授要求extension,男生擔心教授strict,會take points(減分)

NO.16

Girl's problem:

She is planning to give a presentation on her study-abroad experience, but her laptop crashed and she was unable to show the audience her photos.

Possible solutions:

1) She has a photo album containing some of her pictures taken during her study abroad years, and she could pass the book among the audience members.

- This way the audience will be able to see her photos

- Not all of the photos she wants to show are included in the album

- There is a lot of people in the audience, and not everyone will be able to see the album

2) Her pictures are still in her camera. The camera is at her parents' house. She could go there to get the camera, and show her audience photos through the camera.

- She has the time to go to her parents' house to pick up the camera and return before the presentation

- But she initially planned to use the time to practice her presentation, and rushing to her parents' house will take up valuable time.

NO.17

Task5:

Man’s problem:喜歡他的心理學課程,因為教授實在是講得很好.把枯燥的定義生動的傳授給大家了.但是,他最近總是不能按時上課.原因是:他有和well-paid的工作,要工作到很晚,而第二天的課程很早.也是由于他不能按時上課,所以grade就下降了.

Woman’s suggestion: quit the job.

Man:但是這個工作真的是很好的報酬,他的報酬足夠涵蓋我要花的所有錢了.或者,我可以把心理學的課程放到下午去,下去還有一個同樣的課程,同樣的進度,但是不是同一個教授教的!

Question: problem +solutions(這里那個woman只是提供了一個意見,另一個是man自己說的,考的時候我就聽到有人說there are two suggestions given by his friend.)+ what do you the man should do?

NO.18

Task 5

【學生困難】:男生把心理學書忘記在實驗室,實驗室關門了,但是明天有心理學考試。

【解決方案】:男生自己說了兩個方案:

1. 晚上先看筆記復習,明早6點實驗室開門去取,但是他得5點就起床;

2. 今晚和同學一起看書,但那個同學學習很差,一起復習可能大部分時間都在tutoring他。

【問題】:Briefly summarize the problem and two possible solutions. Then state which solution you recommend and explain why.

口語第六題:

NO.1

Task 6

Waiting Time

  很多成功營銷的秘訣就是waiting time.但對商業行為而言,關鍵并不是實際等待的時間,而是感知等待時間conceived waiting time,就是the time that consumers think they are waiting.

  商家一般通過兩種策略來cut conceived waiting time

  (1),讓顧客有事可做:Let the consumers have something to do.給了兩個例子,一是在醫院休息室的doctor’s waiting room,放一電視TV,大家看電視,不知不覺時間就過去了;二是在電梯口elevator,放一鏡子mirror,大家對著鏡子臭美一下,時間就過去了,就cannot conceived the waiting time了。

  (2),告訴顧客他們實際上等待了多久tell them the real waiting time。很多人就是自己覺得等得長,他等了十分鐘覺得已經等了二十分鐘了,于是就著急。這第二種策略最常見的就是火車站,大喇叭里不停的告訴你,還有多長時間,通過這種tell you the truth 的方式,來reduce conceived waiting time.

  問題:什么是conceived waiting time以及商家reduce conceived waiting time的策略。

NO.2

Task6:
廣告的口號,兩種slogan1for the whole company  2for specific product
EXAMPLE家具廠用自己的廣告告訴他們的東西結實。
EXAMPLE打印機

NO.3

Task 6

Memory gaps, we fill our memory gaps inaccurately in two ways.

Way 1: with plausible guesses and assumptions

Example 1: 車禍后被要求回憶,他們會說出一些有道理但不真實的原因,比如司機在打電話或安全帶沒系

Way 2: others’ suggestions and opinions

Example 2: 車禍后被要求回憶,如果問題是司機當時開車的速度怎樣,人們會被速度所影響

NO.4

Task 6

【講課要點】:

動物靠在空中放出pheromone來交流communicate。這種化學物質有兩個用途:

1. 判斷location: an insect can use this chemical to guide another insect from food to home。舉例:蜜蜂在外找食,在巢里的其他蜜蜂就會發出這種激素,幫助找食的蜜蜂找到自己的巢。

2. this chemical is the signal to show that female animals are ready to mate交配。舉例:a female moth can relapse this chemical, so a male moth can know this female moth is ready to mate and can find where it is" S6: 暫時無法確定題目來源

NO.5

6

【講課要點】:
Protective Adaptation
1. Structure adaptation -- grow specific body structure
通過改變身體的部分來適應環境,或是防御掠食者
EG:說一種B鯊魚,個頭小,身體弱,vulnerable to big sharks,最后經歷漫長的演化尾部長出spike,防止其他比他大的鯊魚的attack

2. Behavior adaptation -- change behavior
通過裝死、改變自身的行為來騙過掠食者
EG:說北美的一種動物,當遇到天敵攻擊時就會pretend death, shut eyes, heart beat slow, breath slight…

NO.6

6:

演員如何入戲?比如一個人要扮演國王,現在要會見一位來提親的男子,那么他登臺之前就應該像一個國王那樣想問題,比如說他應該想到來提親的是不是要奪我王位,沖著我的權力而來,這樣演員一上臺就進入了國王的角色,觀眾也可以很快融入戲中,感覺真實而不是做戲。

NO.7

6

說是有兩種途徑讓動物們既可以在白天活動也可以在夜里活動,第一種是make light怎么的(忘了),給出的例子是fox有一種很特殊的layer 能借助月光看清東西。 第二種是 可以通過縮小眼睛的一個什么(eyes pupil不確定拼寫對不對)瞳孔吧,例子還是FOX,可以調節瞳孔大小,來減少光的強度,所以他們還是可以在白天攝取食物。

NO.8

6

The professor talks about two types of suspense in a movie.

The first type is that the audience feels interesting to guess the end. For example, two heroes set the same goal, but the audiences have no idea who comes first.

The second type is that the audiences know the end but they have no clue how to get to the end. For example, in a love story, the hero and heroine doom to meet in the end, but how they meet each other becomes intriguing.

NO.9

6

Lecture: Small Business: drawbacks on home-based business
For many small businesses, instead of renting, they prefer to work from home. Though working from home has its merits, a home-based business has some drawbacks.
1) Can't Maintain a Professional Image
People working in home-based businesses don't set a clear boundary between business and personal life. The customers may think they are not professional and serious about the business. For example, if a home-based business is a catering service that provides food for some major event, a customer would call and not expect a baby crying in the background. However, if it happened, the customer will for sure think that the business is not professional enough for their event and not trust the ability of the caterer to provide good-quality food.
2) Will Affect the Lives of the Neighbors
Use the catering example again, the business may hire two or more workers to help with the preparation of food. These workers may need to park their cars on the street, which would take up the neighbors' parking spots. Having their spots taken, the neighbors would definitely complain.

QuestionDescribe the two drawbacks of home-based businesses.

NO.10

6

Ecosystem engineering: 動物住在一個地方,這個地方會變得適合其他動物生存。兩種方式
1、在日常生活中慢慢去做。比如某個海鮮:mussels,在吃水里東西的時候把水過濾干凈了。
2、在一個群中間位置的時候,形成一個對其他動物有保護的地方。再比如剛才那個海鮮:mussels。他們成群住在海洋地表,他們之間的空隙形成其他動物能夠生存的空間。

NO.11

口語六:老師總希望得到feedbackfeedback DE characters  1 focus on  students    2. focus on 其他

NO.12

Task6:

人類發明創造有2種可能:有目的性(intentional),無目的性(accidental)。有目的性的舉例是發明一種眼鏡,可以不用讓人在看遠距離和近距離的時候頻繁換眼鏡。無目的性的例子是X-RAY的發明,是某個科學家在實驗室里發現的物體影像,進而應用于人體醫學。 "

NO.13

6

Wetland's two benefits for animals.

1). for nursery, sharks lay eggs in wetlands close to the ocean, because wetlands are shallow, there are not large predators, baby sharks can grow safely in the wetlands and survive in the ocean.

作為孕育地。動物可以lay eggs or give birth, 直到它們的寶寶長大成熟。舉例,一種鯊魚在靠近海洋的濕地產卵,因為這里大動物少,可以減少被捕食者捕食的幾率;

2). for rest and find food. Immigrating birds, for example, paper, during the long journey of immigration, stop the wetlands to find the food because they can find similar food like before.

question 6【講課要點】two ways the animals use wetland

to rest and feed themselves. 舉例,一種要cross美洲的migrate bird, 在長途遷徙的過程中需要休息或者覓食,這時候濕地發揮了很大的作用:在這里可以resting and setting,這里還有很多吃的,就跟它們平時吃的一樣,所以很適合停留。

NO.14

Task 6

講課要點】:Two Economic Changes in Ancient Civilization

1. Currency: this monetary form made life easier. For example, a man who bakes bread can now use money in exchange for a coat. Using money to trade can avoid the possible issue that the person who sells coats does not like bread.

2. Trade new things over a greater distance. For example, Romans can import silk fabric from China.

NO.15

Lecture: Two Advantages of the Beta Testing Method in Business

A beta test is an opportunity that gives the intended audience some samples to try the product out first.

1) Get feedback from the customers

The producer can get feedback from the customers who try the product. They will know which aspects of the product the customers like and don't like. A camera company, for example, may give some professional photographers new sample cameras to test out. After testing, the photographers may report, for example, that the flash doesn't work well because it produces too much light. The company will then know they need to work on the flash to make the overall product more desirable.

2) Providing Free Advertising

If the tested audience thinks the new product is satisfactory, it will leave a positive impression in their minds and they may tell others about the product. Even if it't not a perfect product at first, the efforts taken by the company to improve it will convince the photographer customers that the new camera will be very good. They, in turn, will tell other photographer friends about the new product and encourage greater sales.

NO.16

Task 6

鳥窩的兩種搭建方式,

1.一個把巢建的高高的,藏起來。

2.另一種讓母的在家看小鳥,公的去找食物什么沒太清楚。

NO.17

TASK6

生物課堂上老師講解了有些樹能夠活很長時間的原因樹的適應性。主要有兩個方面。

  1 通過釋放化學物質避免蟲害。舉例為red wood,樹葉和樹干中含有天寧酸,所以蟲子不能忍受這種物質,所以不會去吃red wood.

2 發達的根系可以幫助在風暴中幸存下來。舉例仍為red wood. 說首先有發達的根系stretch every direction, 以及還可以與周圍的樹木的根系相組合。互相纏繞在暴風中就不會有問題。

NO.18

口語六:說海里一種魚為了適應環境發展出了一種結構可以感覺到predator來了而且可以保持不動吧。 第一種是他們感覺很靈敏,舉例子是dony fish頭上長了hair之類的可以感知predator 第二種是有一種能力可以在在水里靜止然后躲起來,不讓predator察覺到,舉例是另一種魚可以在水里keep still時還讓水move,所以就能keep still然后等 predator走了。

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